Sweden

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Sweden

Scenarios All
Orientation Trade, Warfare
Religion Protestant or Catholic
Economy Good
Military Very good
Enemies Denmark, Russia, Poland, Austria, German minors
Allies England, France, Lithuania, Teutonic Order, German minors or none

Background

History

After a rebellion against the Swedish king Albrekt of Mecklenburg the Swedish nobility elected the Danish-Norwegian monarch Margareta as queen in 1389. The personal union held together until the Engelbrekt rellion in 1435. After that a series of regencies ruled until Christopher of Bavaria is elected union king in 1440. When Christopher of Bavaria died in 1448 the Swedish nobleman Karl Knutsson (Bonde) became Swedish king. Karl Knutsson ruled with some interruption until his death in 1470. After that Sten Sture the elder became regent and ruled as such until 1497 when he lost support and the Danish king Hans took the throne. Hans ruled until 1501 when he attacked Dithmarschen and was defeated. Hans was deposed and Sten Sture once again became regent, he died two years later. Svante Nilsson then ruled as regent until 1512, when he was succeded by Sten Sture the younger (not related with the older). Sten Sture deposed the archbishop Gustav Trolle in 1516 which angered the Danish king Kristian II, a war broke out in which Sture was killed in 1520. In the same year Kristian II was crowned as Swedish king. His mistake however was to kill around 100 Swedish noblemen after the coronation. A rebellion headed by the nobleman Gustav Eriksson Vasa deposed Kristian in 1523. Gustav was elected king Gustav I of Sweden.

During Gustav I's reign a lot of reforms were made and Sweden was converted to protestantism. After this peaceful period which ended with the death of Gustav I in 1560 his son Erik XIV aquired Estonia. His interests east of the Baltic Sea angered Denmark and Poland who declared war in 1563. After Erik lost support from the nobility in 1567 he was deposed by his younger brother Johan (III). Johan managed to get his son Sigismund elected as Polish king in 1587. So when Johan died in 1592 Sigismund became Swedish king too. However Gustav I's youngest son Duke Karl (IX) and the church was not content with Sigismund who was a catholic. In 1598 Sigismund was deposed and Karl became regent, he became king in 1604. Sigismund who was still king of Poland began a war with Sweden which with interruptions was to last until 1629. In 1611 Denmark declared Sweden war. Sweden didn't win but the peace terms wasn't very harsh only a ransom of Älvsborgs fästning. Karl IX died the same year, his son Gustav II Adolf took over. Swedens era as a great power had begun, but wouldn't last long.

Strategy in EU2 v.1.09

Early phase 1419-1521

Sweden starts as a vassal of Denmark which is a problem because half of the taxes are lost to Denmark. Another problem is that a lot of the swedish starting provinces have a very small population, send colonists there (Do not colonize Lappland because as long as it is uncolonized it will give you extra colonists every year). You should also as soon as possible promote bailiffs to increase your taxation revenues. When the Engelbrekt Rebellion occurs in 1435 choose Option C "Pick up the torch of freedom". This will help your economy a lot because your vassalage is broken. Sweden is not yet ready for war, if you still are thinking of starting an offensive war ally with Lithuania and Teutonic Order so you can take provinces from Novgorod and Muscovy.

Older Age of Vasa 1521-1611

When the event "End of the Kalmar Union" triggers choose of Option A "Gustav Vasa" shall be king. The Vasa Kings administrative skills increases your taxation revenues a lot. Another important event is "The Parliament of Västerås" which lets you convert to Protestantism, this will give you a large economic boost. If you have promoted all bailiffs and colonized your northern provinces Sweden should now be ready for war. Try to capture Skåne, Norway, Iceland and Greenland from Denmark because they don't have a lot of troops there and it's hard for them to transport troops across the sea especially if you have a big navy. Let the rest of Denmark wait until you have good commanders and a strong navy. When you have weakned Denmark annex it. In the east the Teutonic Order is collapsing, when the event "Fate of the Teutonic Order" triggers choose the event which gives the most national provinces. If Gotland is independent try to capture it because you can easily annex it. Just beware high badboy value (ideally you should have a casus belli on a country you DoW) and wars with strong naval powers like Spain, Venice, England and France. When Russia gets into turmoil in the late 16th century attack it and take their provinces.

The Age as a Great Power 1611-1718 (historical end)

During this time a lot of good reforms happen like the mercantilist reform and the one with regional conscription. The next target to attack is Austria in 1629. Before that make sure that you have a strong position inside the HRE, alliances and access treaties with states. You can also try to attack Austria from the south through Italy. Ideally you should attack Habsburgs hereditary land from two or more directions for example into Bohemia and through Italy. Another thing you can try is to become Holy Roman Emperor, however that is quite hard especially if there are many electors, it will also be costly to bribe and timeconsuming to improve your relations with the electors. After you have defeated Austria, you should conquer Poland, Denmark and (if possible) Russia. Don't wait too long with Russia however because they will grow stronger over time. Poland however is in decay so they will be quite an easy target.

Colonization

When you have managed to get most of the provinces around the Baltic Sea you should get your first conquistador, this will happen in the late 16th century or in the beginning of the 17th century. It is a little harder to get explorers because for that you have to change domestic policy settings and have a certain trade level. Always make sure that you have troops in your colonies if war or rebellion would breake out because you can't hire mercenaries in non-european provinces and it's time consuming to send troops over the sea. When you have expanded your colonies so much that it has grown to a city you should build a fortress so that it doesn't easily fall into enemy or rebel hands.